The Short-Term and Long-Term Impact of Marine Pollution

The Short-Term and Long-Term Impact of Marine Pollution

Marine couplings have become part of inter-house connections for the transfer of oil from rigs to tankers or from tankers to terminal facilities. Marine couplings are very useful because without them the transfer of oil becomes imperfect. Perfection is equipped with high-tech oil droplets after the hose is released will not contaminate the oceans.

Oil dripping during transfers can result in very harmful effects, especially for marine biota. The insoluble oil component in the water will float causing the seawater to turn to black color. Some components of the oil sink and accumulate in the sediment as black deposits on sand and rocks on the shore. Hydrocarbon components that are toxic have an effect on reproduction, development, growth, and behavior of marine biota, especially on plankton, even can kill fish, by itself can decrease fish production.

In the short term, oil hydrocarbon molecules can damage the cell membrane of marine biota, resulting in the release of cell fluid and penetration of the material into the cell. Various types of shrimp and fish will smell and smell of oil, so it decreases the quality. Oil directly causes deaths in fish due to lack of oxygen, carbon dioxide poisoning, and direct poisoning by hazardous materials.

Meanwhile, the long-term impact is more threatening to younger biota. Oil in the ocean can be consumed by marine biota. Some oil compounds can be excreted together with food, while some can accumulate in fatty compounds and proteins. The nature of this accumulation can be moved from one organism to another through the food chain. Thus, the accumulation of oil within the zooplankton can move to the fish of its predator. And so on when the fish are eaten larger fish, other marine animals, and even humans. Fish that live around the sea will be polluted or dead and many others migrate to other areas.

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