The function of a boiler on a ship

The function of a boiler on a ship

A Boiler is a mechanical device that serves to convert water into steam. The process of changing water into steam occurs by heating the water inside the pipes by utilizing the heat from the burning of the fuel. Burning is carried out continuously in the combustion chamber by draining fuel and air from outside. Steam produced by the Caldera Pirotubular is superheated vapor with high pressure and temperature. The amount of vapor production depends on the surface area of heat transfer, flow rate, and combustion heat provided. Boilers whose construction consists of pipes containing water is called a water tube boiler.

Boiler vessels are part of the equipment used to assist the working of the prime mover. In carrying out its work, boiler ship requires some other equipment. As the definition, boiler vessel is the equipment used to convert the liquid, ie water, into steam, then the boiler requires a material that will be converted into steam, the water (commonly called: feed water). To convert the liquid into boiler vapor requires heat, the required heat is obtained from the fuel.

If the pump is used to move fuel from the fuel tank to the main engine, what about the boiler? Boiler vessels have an important role also in the operation of the main engine. Fuel transferred by the pump, in general, is a fuel that has a high viscosity, this viscosity affects the viscosity of the fuel. so that if the viscosity value is not lowered then the fuel will be thick and difficult to pump and difficult to get into the fuel nozzle of the prime mover. To reduce this viscosity, the fuel must be heated first. The fuel heating process should not use fire, because the fuel will easily burn. The heating process of the fuel uses a steam flow of heat which is flowed through pipes installed in the fuel tank or on the fuel flow path to the prime mover. The flowing stream is obtained from the ship’s boiler

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